Converting (resizing) video's in Java with Xuggler

Submitted by Jochus on Wed, 13/10/2010 - 00:10 | Posted in: Java


Last week, I had to investigate a case where we want to resize a video to a whole set of resized video's. So you have a source video with resolution: 1280x800 and I want a video for 640x400, 320x200, 160x100, ... etc, etc, ...

Of course, we need Java for this ;-) ! I came across this library http://www.xuggle.com/xuggler/. Xuggler is the easy way to uncompress, modify, and re-compress any media file (or stream) from Java.

Well, they say it is "easy", but for me it wasn't. This is my (finally!) working example.

Prerequisites

  • install Xuggler
  • set the following ENV vars
  • export XUGGLE_HOME="/usr/local/xuggler"
    export PATH=$PATH:$XUGGLE_HOME/bin
    export LD_LIBRARY_PATH="/usr/local/xuggler/lib"

Resizing a video

MediaConvertor

public class MediaConvertor {
	private static final Integer WIDTH = 640;
	private static final Integer HEIGHT = 360;
 
	private static final String INPUT_FILE = "/tmp/input.mp4";
	private static final String OUTPUT_FILE = "/tmp/output.mpg";
 
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		// create custom listeners
		MyVideoListener myVideoListener = new MyVideoListener(WIDTH, HEIGHT);
		Resizer resizer = new Resizer(WIDTH, HEIGHT);
 
		// reader
		IMediaReader reader = ToolFactory.makeReader(INPUT_FILE);
		reader.addListener(resizer);
 
		// writer
		IMediaWriter writer = ToolFactory.makeWriter(OUTPUT_FILE, reader);
		resizer.addListener(writer);
		writer.addListener(myVideoListener);
 
		// show video when encoding
		reader.addListener(ToolFactory.makeViewer(true));
 
		while (reader.readPacket() == null) { 
			// continue coding
		}
	}
}

Resizer

import com.xuggle.mediatool.MediaToolAdapter;
import com.xuggle.mediatool.event.IVideoPictureEvent;
import com.xuggle.mediatool.event.VideoPictureEvent;
import com.xuggle.xuggler.IVideoPicture;
import com.xuggle.xuggler.IVideoResampler;
 
public class Resizer extends MediaToolAdapter {
	private Integer width;
	private Integer height;
 
	private IVideoResampler videoResampler = null;
 
	public Resizer(Integer aWidth, Integer aHeight) {
		this.width = aWidth;
		this.height = aHeight;
	}
 
	@Override
	public void onVideoPicture(IVideoPictureEvent event) {
		IVideoPicture pic = event.getPicture();
		if (videoResampler == null) {
			videoResampler = IVideoResampler.make(width, height, pic.getPixelType(), pic.getWidth(), pic
					.getHeight(), pic.getPixelType());
		}
		IVideoPicture out = IVideoPicture.make(pic.getPixelType(), width, height);
		videoResampler.resample(out, pic);
 
		IVideoPictureEvent asc = new VideoPictureEvent(event.getSource(), out, event.getStreamIndex());
		super.onVideoPicture(asc);
		out.delete();
	}
}

MyVideoListener

import com.xuggle.mediatool.MediaToolAdapter;
import com.xuggle.mediatool.event.IAddStreamEvent;
import com.xuggle.xuggler.ICodec;
import com.xuggle.xuggler.IStreamCoder;
 
public class MyVideoListener extends MediaToolAdapter {
	private Integer width;
	private Integer height;
 
	public MyVideoListener(Integer aWidth, Integer aHeight) {
		this.width = aWidth;
		this.height = aHeight;
	}
 
	@Override
	public void onAddStream(IAddStreamEvent event) {
		int streamIndex = event.getStreamIndex();
		IStreamCoder streamCoder = event.getSource().getContainer().getStream(streamIndex).getStreamCoder();
		if (streamCoder.getCodecType() == ICodec.Type.CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO) {
		} else if (streamCoder.getCodecType() == ICodec.Type.CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO) {
			streamCoder.setWidth(width);
			streamCoder.setHeight(height);
		}
		super.onAddStream(event);
	}
 
}

Comments

Submitted by nakul kadam (not verified) on Wed, 02/03/2011 - 20:15
 

Hello,

This is really a very good article. Thanks a lot..

Could u pls provide me the help for compressing vdo or changing bitrates of vdo. What i want to do is to reduce the vdo file size.

Bcoz with dis code i can convert vdo but it size increases after conversion.

Thanks.

Submitted by dula (not verified) on Sun, 27/03/2011 - 15:02
 

hi,

I want to convert .flv to .mpg but the above code did not work for that and result,
Exception in thread "main" java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: could not find input codec id

so I thought it was the width and height and I changed it into 1208*800 but it did not solved the problem.

is anybody have a clue?

thank you.

Submitted by landgar (not verified) on Tue, 26/07/2011 - 14:41
 

Hi,

If I resize a video to another of the same properties, the size is increased (double or even more size).

What may be the problem?

Thanks,
Luis

Submitted by khizar (not verified) on Thu, 15/09/2011 - 08:26
 

hey
i was working on a deadline and had no idea what xuggler was. After three days of trial and error , and googling i cud only get the audio to work n just as i was about to give up , i came upon ur post. man u wudnt believe how happy i am, after 10 mins of small project specific tweaks to ur code, my project started working and i am sooooo happy :) . thanx alot man.

Submitted by khizar (not verified) on Thu, 15/09/2011 - 08:26
 

hey
i was working on a deadline and had no idea what xuggler was. After three days of trial and error , and googling i cud only get the audio to work n just as i was about to give up , i came upon ur post. man u wudnt believe how happy i am, after 10 mins of small project specific tweaks to ur code, my project started working and i am sooooo happy :) . thanx alot man.

Submitted by Sahil (not verified) on Tue, 08/11/2011 - 22:51
 

I ran your code and got the following errors....

Exception in thread "main" java.lang.RuntimeException: failed to encode video
at com.xuggle.mediatool.MediaWriter.encodeVideo(MediaWriter.java:771)
at com.xuggle.mediatool.MediaWriter.encodeVideo(MediaWriter.java:790)
at com.xuggle.mediatool.MediaWriter.onVideoPicture(MediaWriter.java:1441)
at com.xuggle.mediatool.AMediaToolMixin.onVideoPicture(AMediaToolMixin.java:166)
at com.xuggle.mediatool.MediaToolAdapter.onVideoPicture(MediaToolAdapter.java:169)
at com.Pixel.Resizer.onVideoPicture(Resizer.java:32)
at com.xuggle.mediatool.AMediaToolMixin.onVideoPicture(AMediaToolMixin.java:166)
at com.xuggle.mediatool.MediaReader.dispatchVideoPicture(MediaReader.java:610)
at com.xuggle.mediatool.MediaReader.decodeVideo(MediaReader.java:519)
at com.xuggle.mediatool.MediaReader.readPacket(MediaReader.java:475)
at com.Pixel.PixelMain.main(PixelMain.java:34)

the problem is at this point : super.onAddStream(event);

Pls help....!!!

Submitted by Rahul Jodhani (not verified) on Mon, 24/06/2013 - 15:13
 

your code is working fine, but when convert iPhone video then orientation is changed automatically, how can i get same orientation of video?
please help me.

Submitted by Jochus on Mon, 24/06/2013 - 20:07
 

Hi Rahul,

I'm sorry, but I don't have experience with rotating iPhone movies.

Kind regards,
Jochen

Submitted by mujafar (not verified) on Thu, 09/01/2014 - 05:19
 

The article which you provided is very helpful for me. Is is possible to grasp the voice(audio) from a video lecture file and write the voice(professor's lecture) as text words in word document by using xuggler.

Submitted by Jochus on Thu, 09/01/2014 - 08:23
 

In reply to by mujafar (not verified)

Hi mujafar,

I think it's possible to extract the audio from the video with Xuggler, but the translation of audio to text words will be difficult :-). I don't think Xuggler has a feature like that. You will need other software to do that.

Kind regards,
Jochen

Submitted by Suren (not verified) on Thu, 13/03/2014 - 07:09
 

Hello Sir Your Article is good and converting well also...
I need to add video codec in video
I tried to add in MyVideoListener
streamCoder.setCodecID(ICodec.ID.CODEC_ID_MPEG4);

But it doesn't work....would you please provide the solution....

Submitted by Jochus on Thu, 13/03/2014 - 08:25
 

Hi Suren,

Thank you for your message. Unfortunately, I don't know how to implement your feature request. Maybe try getting support by this link: http://www.xuggle.com/xuggler/support

Kind regards,
Jochen

Submitted by Nandkishor (not verified) on Mon, 14/12/2015 - 10:33
 

How can merge multiple video in single video file.???? Using java only.

Submitted by Jochus on Mon, 14/12/2015 - 13:47
 

Hi Nandkishor,

I'm sorry to inform you I do not have experience with the question you are asking.

Kind regards,
Jochen

Submitted by ibo (not verified) on Thu, 19/05/2016 - 22:43
 

Hi,

When I run this code I got those errors, and all videos last 3 sc.

23:36:53.160 [Thread-4] ERROR org.ffmpeg - [h264 @ 0x7ff558a4ca00] AVC: nal size 406
23:36:53.166 [Thread-4] ERROR org.ffmpeg - [h264 @ 0x7ff558a4ca00] AVC: nal size 406
23:36:53.166 [Thread-4] ERROR org.ffmpeg - [h264 @ 0x7ff558a4ca00] no frame!
23:36:53.162 [Thread-2] ERROR org.ffmpeg - [mov,mp4,m4a,3gp,3g2,mj2 @ 0x7ff55a014000] stream 0, offset 0x80c1: partial file

What may be the problem?

Submitted by Jochus on Tue, 19/07/2016 - 10:44
 

In reply to by ibo (not verified)

I have no idea ... sorry :-(

Submitted by ibo (not verified) on Tue, 19/07/2016 - 10:50
 

In reply to by Jochus

That was because a video with the same name existing.
Instead of replacing video, renaming with a new name solved the problem.
Many thanks...

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 23/09/2016 - 10:42
 

How to implement above code without using video preview windows(java swing windows which were opening)?

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 07/10/2020 - 14:37
 

Hi Guys,

I have utilized few tools and built a custom project to handle such issues.

This artifact can be used to resize images as well as videos to lower resolution with very good quality

URL for Project dependency(Available for Maven, Gradle, Scala etc..): Click Here

Or you can add below dependency to pom.xml


io.github.techgnious
IVCompressor
1.0.1

Sample Usage::


IVCompressor compress=new IVCompressor();
byte[] Imageoutput=compress.resizeImage(data, fileFormat, resolution); //for image compression
byte[] VideoOutput=compress.reduceVideoSize(videoData, fileFormat, resolution);//for video compression

It can convert 25MB video into 300-400kb with default settings. It have many other methods with custom settings. Do check out. Thank you

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